Talent details

Name:Xu Zhang
Title & Affiliation:Professor
Homepage in Chinese:
Address:Building 3,Courtyard 16, Lin Cui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101 China

Education and Appointments


2007/06            Bachelor degree, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China

2010/06            Master degree, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China

   Thesis: “Study on Onset, Advance and Retreat of Asian Summer Monsoon and the impacts on East Asia” (in Chinese

2014/10               Ph.D degree, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany & University of Bremen, Germany (summa cum laude, Top 1% in graduate students in Department of Physics, Uni. Bremen in Fall 2014)

Thesis: “Simulating the Last Glacial Maximum and abrupt glacial climate shifts in a coupled Earth System Model”


2014/10 – 2016/05    Postdoc scientist at the Alfred Wegener Institute

2016/06 – 2018/05    Research Scientist at the Alfred Wegener Institute

2018/05 –              Guest Scientist at the Alfred Wegener Institute

2018/05 –              Professor in Lanzhou University, China

2021/09 –              Research Scientist in Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS


Research Interest

Abrupt climate change, Glacial cycles, Extreme Climate, Internal climate feedbacks (cryosphere-atmosphere-ocean interactions), Tropical climate dynamics, Water isotope modelling, Earth System Modelling 

Selected Publications


Publication list

google scholar: https://scholar.google.de/citations?user=eaOpF24AAAAJ&hl=en&authuser=1

orcid.org: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1833-9689

research gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Xu_Zhang39

In total: 50+ publications

Total citations (Google scholar, 07 Sep 2021): 1632

h-index (Google scholar, 07 Sep 2021): 18

Peer-reviewed articles: (*corresponding author, # first author)


Selected publications:

1)    Zhang X.* and F.H. Chen. 2021: Non-trivial role of internal climate feedbacks on interglacial temperature evolution, in press in Nature

2)    Zhang X.*, S. Barker, G. Knorr, G. Lohmann, R. Drysdale, Y.B. Sun, D. Hodell and F. H. Chen. 2021: Direct astronomical influence on abrupt Pleistocene climate variability, in press in Nature Geosci.

3)    Knorr G., S. Barker, X. Zhang, G. Lohmann, X. Gong, P. Gierz, C. Stepanek and L. Stap. 2021: A salty deep ocean as a prerequisite for glacial termination, in press in Nature Geosci.

4)   Sun Y.B., J. M McManus, S. Clemens, X. Zhang, H. Vogel, D. Hodell, F. Guo, T. Wang, X.X. Liu, and Z.S. An. 2021: Persistent orbital influence on millennial climate variability through the Pleistocene, in press in Nature Geosci.

5)    Starr A., I. R. Hall, S. Barker, T. Rackow, X. Zhang, S. R. Hemming, H.J.L. van der Lubbe, G. Knorr, M. A. Berke, G. R. Bigg, A. Cartagena, F. J. Jimenez-Espejo, X. Gong, J. Gruetzner, N. Lathika, L. J. LeVay, R. S. Robinson, M. Ziegler and Exp. 361 Science Party, 2021: Melting Antarctic Icebergs Reorganize Ocean Circulation During Pleistocene Glacials, Nature, 589, 236-241, doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-03094-7

6)   Wu S. Z., L. Lembke-Jene, F. Lamy, H. W. Arz, N. Nowaczyk, W. S. Xiao, X. Zhang, H. C. Hass, J. Titschack, X. F. Zheng, J. B. Liu, L. Dumm, B. Diekmann, D. Nu?rnberg, R. Tiedemann, G. Kuhn. 2021: Orbital- and Millennial-scale varaiblity of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current over the past 140,000 years, Nature Comm. 1-9, Doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-24264-9

7)    Gowan E., X. Zhang, S. Khosravi, A. Rovere, P. Stocchi, A. L. C. Hughes, R. Gyllencreutz, J. Mangerud, J. I. Svendsen and G. Lohmann. 2021: A new global ice sheet reconstruction for the past 80000 years, Nature Comm., 1-9, doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-21469-w

8)    Barker, S., X. Zhang, L. Jonkers, S. Lordsmith, S. Conn and G. Knorr. 2021: Strengthening Atlantic Inflow across the Mid-Pleistocene Transition, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 36, e2020PA004200.

9)    Catunda, M.C.A., A.Bahr, S. Kaboth-Bahr, X. Zhang, N. P. Foukal and O. Friedrich. 2021: Subsurface heat channel drove sea surface warming in the high-latitude North Atlantic during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2020GL091899.

10)  Gao, P., J. Nie, Q. Yan, X. Zhang*, Q. Liu, B. Cao, and B. Pan, 2021: Millennial resolution late Miocene northern China precipitation record spanning astronomical analogue interval to the future. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2021GL093942.doi: 10.1029/2021GL093942

11)  Zhang H.W., X. Zhang#, Yanjun Cai, Ashish Sinha, Christoph Sp?tl; Jonathan Baker; Gayatri Kathayat; Zhengyu Liu; Ye Tian; Jiayu Lu; zhenqian wang; Jingyao Zhao; xuexue Jia; wenjing Du; Youfeng Ning; Zhisheng An; Lawrence R. Edwards; Hai Cheng, 2021: A data-model comparison pinpoints Holocene spatiotemporal pattern of East Asian summer monsoon, Quat. Sci. Rev.doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106911

12)  Corrick E. C., R. N. Drysdale, J. C. Hellstrom, E. Capron, S. O. Rasmussen, X. Zhang, D. Fleitmann, I. Couchoud, E. Wolff, 2020: Synchronous timing of abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period, Science, 369, 963-969

13)  Chen F. H., S. Q. Chen, X. Zhang, J.H. Chen, X. Wang, E.J. Gowan, M.R. Qiang, G.H.  Dong, Z.L. Wang, Y.C. Li, Q.H. Xu, Y.Y. Xu, J.P. Smol and J.B. Liu, 2020: Asian dust-storm activity dominated by Chinese dynasty changes since 2000 BP, Nature Comm., 1-7, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14765-4

14)  Maier E., X. Zhang*, A. Abelmann, R. Gersonde, S. Mulitza, M., Werner, M. Méheust, B. Chapligin, J. Ren, H. Meyer, R. Stein, R. Tiedemann, and G. Lohmann, 2018: North Pacific freshwater events linked to glacial ocean circulation changes, Nature, 559, 241-245, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0276-y

15)  Zhang X.*, G. Knorr, G. Lohmann, and S. Barker, 2017: Abrupt North Atlantic circulation changes in response to gradual CO2 forcing in a glacial climate state, Nature Geosci., 10, 518-523, doi:10.1038/ngeo2974

16)   Abelmann A., Gersonde, R., Knorr, G., X. Zhang, Chapligin, B., Maier, E., Esper, O., Friedrichsen, H., Lohmann, G., Meyer, H., Shemesh, A., and Tiedemann, R., 2015: The seasonal sea-ice zone in the glacial Southern Ocean as a carbon sink, Nature Comm., 6:8136, doi: 10.1038/ncomms9136

17)  Weber M. E., P. U. Clark, G. Kuhn, A. Timmermann, D. Sprenk, R. Gladstone, X. Zhang, G. Lohmann, L. Menviel, M. O. Chikamoto, T. Friedrich, and C. Ohlwein, 2014: Millennial-scale variability in Antarctic ice-sheet discharge during the last deglaciation, Nature, 510, 134-138, doi:10.1038/nature13397

18)  Liu Z., J. Zhu, Y. Rosenthal, X. Zhang, B.-L. Otto-Bliesner, A. Timmermann, R. S.  Smith, G. Lohmann, W. P. Zheng and O. Timm, 2014: The Holocene temperature conundrum. PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1407229111

19)  Zhang X.*, G. Lohmann, G. Knorr and C. Purcell, 2014: Abrupt glacial climate shifts controlled by ice sheet changes, Nature, 512, 290-294, doi: 10.1038/nature13592

20)   Zhang, X.*, G. Lohmann, G. Knorr and X. Xu, 2013: Different Ocean states and transient characteristics in Last Glacial Maximum simulations and implications for deglaciation. Clim. Past, 9, 2319-2333, doi:10.5194/cp-9-2319-2013