Talent details

Name:Ling Bai
Title & Affiliation:Ph.D, Professor
Homepage in Chinese:http://sourcedb.itpcas.cas.cn/cn/expert/201204/t20120405_3550426.html
Address:Building 3, Courtyard 16, Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China

Education and Appointments


2007 Ph.D. Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University

2003 M.S. and Ph.D Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration


2012-present, Professor, ITP, CAS, China

2017-2018, Blaustein Visiting Professor, Department of Geophysics, Stanford University, USA

2009-2012, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Michigan, USA

2007-2009, JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow, Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan

Professional Services

2020-present, vice director, Key Laboratory of Continental Collision and Plateau Uplift, CAS

2020-present, editorial board member, Earthquake Science

2020-present, editorial board member, Review of Geophysics and Planetary Physics

2020-present, editorial board member, Geodesy and Geodynamics

Research Interest

Deep structures of Alpine regions, Physics of earthquake sources

Selected Publications

Representative papers

1.    Bai, L., Jiang, Y., Mori, J., 2022. Source processes associated with the 2021 glacier collapse in the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, southeastern Tibetan Plateau. Landslides doi: 0.1007/s10346-022-02002-6.

2.    Li., G., Bai., L.*, Zhang, H., Xu, Q., Zhou, Y., Gao, Y., 2022. Velocity anomalies around the mantle transition zone beneath the Qiangtang terrane, central Tibetan plateau from triplicated P waveforms. Earth and Space Science 9, e2021EA002060.

3.    Li, G., Bai, L.*, Ritsema, J. 2020. Lateral variation of shear-wave velocity in the D” layer beneath the Indian-Eurasian plate collision zone. Geophysical Research Letters 47, e2019GL086856.

4.    Bai, L., Klemperer, S.L. Mori, J., Karplus, M.S., Ding, L., Liu, H., Li, G., Song, B., Dhakal, S., 2019. Lateral variation of the Main Himalayan Thrust controls the rupture length of the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal. Science Advances 5, eaav0723.

5.    Bai, L., Li, G., Khan, N.G. Zhao, J., Ding, L., 2017. Focal depths and mechanisms of shallow earthquakes in the Himalayan-Tibetan region. Gondwana Research 41: 390-399.

6.    Bai, L., Liu, H., Ritsema, J., Mori, J., Zhang T., Ishikawa, Y., Li, G., 2016. Faulting structure above the Main Himalayan Thrust as shown by relocated aftershocks of the 2015 Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters 43: 637-642.

7.    Bai, L., Zhang, T., 2015. Complex deformation pattern of the Pamir-Hindu Kush region inferred from multi-scale double-difference earthquake relocations. Tectonophysics 638: 177-184.

8.    Bai, L., Ritsema, J., 2013. The effect of large-scale shear-velocity heterogeneity on SS precursor amplitudes. Geophysical Research Letters 40: 1-5.

9.    Bai, L., Tian, X., Ritsema, J., 2010. Crustal structure beneath the Indochina peninsula from teleseismic receiver functions. Geophysical Research Letters 37, L24308.

10.   Bai, L., Kawakatsu, H., Morita, Y., 2010. Two anisotropic layers in central orogenic belt of North China Craton. Tectonophysics 494: 138-148.


Other major papers

11.   Zhan, H., Bai, L.*, Chen, Z., 2023. Source parameters, seismogenic structures of the 1950 Medog-Zayu MS8.6 earthquake and seismicity in the surrounding areas. Reviews of Geophysics and Planetary Physics 54(1): 44-55.

12.   Li, G., Zhou, Y., Ding, L., Gao, Y., Bai, L., Zhang, H., Hu, L., Pan, Z., Ju, C., Zhang, D., 2022. A partial molten low-velocity layer atop the mantle transition zone beneath the western Junggar: implication for the formation of subduction-induced sub-slab mantle plume. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 23, e2021GC010150.

13.   Rahman, Md.M., Haque, T., Mahmud, A., Amin, Md.Al, Hossain, Md.S., Hasan, Md.Y., Shaibur, M.R., Hossain, S., Hossain, Md.A., Bai, L.*, 2022. Drinking water quality assessment based on index values incorporating WHO guidelines and Bangladesh standards. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth doi: 10.1016/j.pce.2022.103353.

14.   Bai, L., Fang, L., 2021. Preface to the special issue on M6.4 Yangbi, Yunnan and M7.4 Maduo, Qinghai earthquakes. Earthquake Science Accepted.

15.   Liu, C., Bai, L. *, Hong, S., Dong, Y., Jiang, Y., Li, H., Zhan, H., Chen, Z., 2021. Coseismic deformation of the 2021 Mw7.4 Maduo earthquake from joint inversion of InSAR, GPS and teleseismic data. Earthquake Science Accepted.

16.   An, B. Wang, W., Yang, W., Wu, G., Guo, Y., Zhu, H., Gao, Y., Bai, L., Zhang, F., Zeng C., Wang, L., Zhou, J., Li, X., Li, J., Zhao, Z., Chen Y., Liu, J., Li, J., Wang, Z., Chen, W., Yao, T., 2021. Process, mechanisms, and early warning of glacier collapse-induced river blocking disasters in the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, southeastern Tibetan Plateau, Science of the Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151652.

17.   Bai, L., Su, H., Zhou, Y., 2021. A reappraisal of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake in the northwestern Himalaya syntaxis. Acta Geologica Sinica 95: 22-24.

18.   Li, H., Bai, L.*, Zhan, H., 2021. Research progress of Jiali fault activity. Reviews of Geophysics and Planetary Physics 52(2): 182-193.

19.   Bai, L., Ding, L., 2021. Exploring scientific frontiers and serving regional development. Chinese Science Bulletin doi: 10.1360/TB-2021-0555.

20.   Li, G., Bai, L.*, Ding, L., Song, B., Jiang, Y. 2020. Source parameters of the 2019 Ms6.3 Medog earthquake and its tectonic implications. Chinese Journal of Geophysics 63(3): 1214-1223.

21.   Jagirani, S.S., Bai, L.*, Jagirani, M.D., et al., 2020. Sedimentological Study of Manchar Formation, Kari Buthi Section, Northern Laki Range. Southern Indus Basin, Pakistan. International Research Journal of Earth Sciences 8: 9-21.

22.   Bai, L., Song, B., Li, G., Jiang, Y., Dhakal, S., 2019. Seismic Activity in the Himalayan Orogenic Belt and Its Related Geohazards. Advances in Earth Science 34(6): 629-639.

23.   Dhakal, S. Bai, L.*, Neupane, B., Li, L., Song, B., 2019. Review of earthquake activity and faulting structure in Nepal Himalaya. Bulletin Nepal Geological Society 36: 259-266.

24.   Li, G., Li, Y.E., Zhang, H., Bai, L., Ding, L., Li, W., Cui, Q., Zhou, Y., 2019. Detection of a thick and weak low-velocity layer atop the mantle transition zone beneath the northeastern South China Sea from triplicated P-wave waveform modeling. Bulletin Seismological Society America 109(4): 1181-1193.

25.   Rahman, M.M. Bai, L.*, 2018. Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment of Nepal using multiple seismic source models. Earth Planetary Physics 2: 327-341.

26.   Rahman, M.M. Bai, L.*, Khan, N.G., Li, G., 2018. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment for Himalayan-Tibetan Region from Historical and Instrumental Earthquake Catalogs. Pure and Applied Geophysics 175: 685-705.

27.   Li, G., Bai, L.*, Zhou, Y., Cui, Q. 2018. Seismological study of the low-velocity layer atop the mantle transition zone. Progress in Geophysics 4: 1366-133.

28.   Bai, L., Li, G., Song, B., 2017. The source parameters of the M6.9 Mainling, Tibet earthquake and its tectonic implications. Chinese Journal of Geophysics 60: 4956-4963.

29.   Khan, N.G., Bai, L.*, Zhao, J., Li, G., Rahman, M.M., Cheng, C., Yang, J., 2017. Crustal structure beneath Tien Shan orogenic belt and its adjacent regions found by multi-scale seismic data. Science China: Earth Sciences 60: 1-14.

30.   Yang, J., Bai, L.*, Li, G., Cheng, C. 2017. Seismicity in the eastern Himalayan syntaxis and its tectonic implications. Recent Developments in World Seismology 462: 12-18.

31.   Cheng, C., Bai, L.*, Ding, L., Li, G., Yang, J., Xu, Q., 2017. Crustal structure of eastern Himalaya Syntaxis revealed by receiver function method, Chinese J. Geophys 60: 2969-2979.

32.   Li, G., Bai, L., Zhou, Y., Wang, X., Cui, H., 2017. Velocity structure of the mantle transition zone beneath the southeastern edge of Tibetan Plateau. Tectonophysics 721: 349-360.

33.   Pei, S., Liu, H., Bai, L., Liu, Y., Sun, Q., 2016. High-resolution seismic tomography of the 2015 Mw7.8 Gorkha earthquake, Nepal: Evidence for the crustal tearing of the Himalayan Rift. Geophysical Research Letters 43: 9045-9052.

34.   Bai, L., Medina Luna, L., Hetland, E.A., Ritsema, J., 2014. Focal depths and mechanisms of Tohoku-Oki aftershocks from teleseismic P wave modeling. Earthquake Science 27: 1-13.

35.   Bai, L., Zhao, J., Wu, J., 2013. Fault Heterogeneities of Moderately Large Earthquakes at Eastern Tibetan Plateau. Acta Geologica Sinica  87: 331-333.

36.   Bai, L., Ritsema, J., Zhao, J., 2012. Focal depth estimates of earthquakes in the Himalayan-Tibetan region from teleseismic waveform modeling. Earthquake Science 25:459-468.

37.   Bai, L., Zhang, Y., Ritsema, J., 2012. An analysis of SS precursors using 3D spectral-element seismograms. Geophysical Journal International 188: 293-300.

38.   Bai, L.2011. Upper mantle anisotropy beneath northeastern China. Journal of University of Science and Technology Liaoning, 5: 449-453.

39.   Bai, L., Iidaka, T., Kawakatsu, H., Morita, Y., Dzung, N.Q., 2009. Upper mantle anisotropy beneath Indochina block and adjacent regions from shear-wave splitting analysis of Vietnam array data. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 176: 33-43.

40.   Ishikawa, Y., Bai, L., 2008. About the earthquake intensity. Earthquake letter 10: 5-6.

41.   Bai, L., 2007. The 2004 earthquake offshore of the Kii peninsula, Japan: Hypocentral relocation, source mechanism and tectonic implication. Kyoto University Ph.D Dissertation.

42.   Bai, L., Bergman, E.A., Engdahl, E.R., Kawasaki, I., 2007. The 2004 earthquake offshore of the Kii peninsula, Japan: Hypocentral relocation, source mechanism and tectonic implications. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 165: 47-55.

43.   Bai, L., 2007. The 2004 earthquake offshore of the Kii peninsula, Japan: Hypocentral relocation, source mechanism and tectonic implication. Kyoto University Ph.D Dissertation.

44.   Bai, L., Kawasaki, I., Zhang, T., Ishikawa, Y., 2006. An improved double-difference earthquake location algorithm using sP phases: Application to the foreshock and aftershock sequences of the 2004 earthquake offshore of the Kii peninsula, Japan (Mw 7.5), Earth Planets Space 58: 823-830.

45.   Bai, L., Wu, Z., Zhang, T., Kawasaki, I., 2006. The effect of distribution of stations upon location error: Statistical tests based on the double-difference earthquake location algorithm and the bootstrap method. Earth Planets Space 58: e9-e12.

46.   Bai, L., Wang, q., Diao, G., Zhang, T., Lai, X., Li, S., Lin, B., Wu, B., 2005. Accurate location of small earthquakes before Zhangbei earthquake and aftershock sequence and discussion on the rupture direction of the main event. Earthquake 25(2): 26-32.

47.   Bai, L., 2004. My first experience of a Magnitude seven earthquake. Recent Developments in World Seismology 9: 38.

48.   Shi, Y., Wu Z., Bai, L., 2004. Evaluation of Annual Prediction of Seismicity Tendency Using Pearson Test. Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 2: 248-253.

49.   Shi, Y., Wu, Z., Bai, L., Jiang, C., Cai, M., 2003. Earthquakes at the edge of the warning area: a statistical consideration of a controversial problem in earthquake prediction study. Earthquake Research in China 4: 351-357.

50. Bai, L., Zhang, T., Zhang, H., 2003. Multiplet relative location approach and waveform correlation correction and their application. Acta Seismologica Sinica 16: 606-615.