The Ancient Silk Road was one of the most important passages for trans-Eurasia exchange and human migration , which witnessed the rise and fall of ancient civilizations in Central Eurasia . In the central part of the Ancient Silk Road .The trans-Eurasia exchange and human migration along the Ancient Silk Road , and the civilization evolution of these ancient cities and towns among the Ancient Silk Road network .
One of the most important questions of climate change impact research today is how glaciers are responding to global warming .Glacier changes and hydrology and forced with high resolution climatic input generated by two new international efforts to run high resolution climate models over the entire HMA . The model will then be used to simulate glacier response and unravel the hydrological functioning of selected catchments across the wide variety of climates and glacier characteristics of HMA .
Water quality change mechanism of the Third Pole transboundary river basins under the context of climate change is not only a current focus of the international community , but also a key scientific question of the academic interest .Plans to carry out spatial sampling survey of surface water , groundwater , soil , and vegetation , and continuous monitoring of river reach discharge , sediment load , and water quality at critical cross sections .
The Tibetan-Himalayan orogen is the result of the ongoing plate convergence between India and Eurasia since the Early Cenozoic.At a late stagemiddle-late Miocene of this long-lasting history .The formation of several N-S trending rift systems dissecting the Tibetan Plateau highlights significant changes in the evolution of the orogen .Thermokinematic modelling of the respective data will allow us to quantify the onset of normal faulting and temporal variations in fault slip along strike of the Gyirong graben and Nima-Dingri rift system .
The Himalaya orogenic belt is the largest continental collision zones on Earth with high population density and high risk of large earthquakes .Chinese Academy of Sciences . Based on several international collaborations , we will combine our data with data from the permanent short-period network of Nepal , and the broadband seismic network of Tibet .
The evolution and coupling of the Indian monsoon and the aridification of the Asian interior is an important scientific question which is closely related to Tibet uplift processes and global climatic change .
The disappearance of mountain glaciers and expansion of glacial lakes are amongst the most recognizable and dynamic impacts of global warming .Such new lakes bring opportunities (e.g., hydropower ) but also pose significant threats , due to the increasing potential for catastrophic Glacial Lake Outburst Floods ( GLOFs ) .Such lakes will most likely develop in bedrock ？ depressions or overdeepenings in the exposed glacier bed , and as such , methods ？ have been developed to model bed topography and thereby identify where these ？ new lakes will form .
The Basic Science Center for Tibetan Plateau Earth System ( CTPES ) is a project founded by NSFC . This project is primarily based at the Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research , Chinese Academy of Sciences ( CAS ) .Professor Baiqing Xu and Professor Shilong Piao . This outstanding research team with a well mixture of young and middle-aged scientists has been naturally formed during the development of CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Science .
Extended westward and northward from the Third Pole , the 20 - million-km2 Pan-Third Pole encompasses the Eurasian highlands and areas hydrologically affected by them : the Tibetan Plateau , the Pamirs , the Hindu Kush , the Iranian Plateau .The Pan-Third Pole hosts a substantial part of the Silk Road Economic Belt . A deeper understanding of Pan-Third Pole environment changes can generate environmental solutions for high-priority projects in key areas along the route .As part of the efforts to build a green , healthy , intelligent and peaceful Silk Road with science-based policy making .